A well regulated militia in each of the states is required in the Constitution, but the establishment of a National Guard is not a power delegated in the Constitution to Congress.

The Constitution required that each state have a well regulated militia.

Article 1, Section 8, Clause 15

To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;

Article 1 Section 8 Clause 16

To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;

The state militias were established to protect the lives, liberty and property of the people in the states from all enemies foreign and domestic. The National Guard was created to protect the interests of the Nation as a whole.

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