A lawyer is an individual who is learned in the law. An attorney is a lawyer that has pledged his allegiance to the BAR Association. Membership in this exclusive fraternity grants attorneys rights, privileges and immunities that are not available to the common man.
The founding fathers wanted every white man to be equal under the law. They did not want to have aristocracy in America where a select few received special privileges. In the Constitution, Titles of Nobility were prohibited which meant that attorneys were not eligible to serve as elected officials.
If attorneys were allowed to serve they would be able to twist the law in order to obtain benefits for themselves and their buddies.
According to the Congressional Research Service 170 members of the House and 60 Senators are lawyers.
Out of a total of 435 U.S. Representatives and 100 Senators (535 total in Congress), lawyers comprise the biggest voting block of one type, making up 43% of Congress. Sixty percent of the U.S. Senate is lawyers.
Enough said. 37.2% of the House of Representatives are lawyers.
There are 81 Republican lawyers in Congress who list "lawyer" as their profession. There are 123 Democrat lawyers in Congress that list "lawyer" as their profession. Some may have not told that they had a law degree or practiced law, because they were doing something else, e.g., doctor, industrialist, teacher, real estate agent/broker, etc. It seems that the medical and real estate professions are also heavily represented in Congress