The Civil War was not a war between the states, it was a war against the states. Before the war the states sovereign and the people had rights, after the war the states and the people became subject to the jurisdiction of the government that had been created to protect the lives, liberty and property of the people.
Before the ratification of the 14th Amendment the people were free, but after it was ratified all of the people born or naturalized in the United States became Citizens of the United States and subject to its jurisdiction
The 14th Amendment gave the Federal government thl authorty tocompletely control the people and dominate the states. Most people think that the reconstruction happened only in the southern states, butit affeccted everyone in all of the states.President Lincoln did not save the Union, he dismantled the Constitution and destroyed the Republic
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